List of Occupations Requiring Labour Market Testing

Labour Market Testing may be required when applying for a 457 Nomination in the following occupations.

Exemptions to Labour Market Testing

Even if the occupation is on the LMT list, exemptions from labour market testing apply where:
  • The applicant is a citizen of Chile or Thailand, or a citizen or permanent resident of New Zealand or South Korea;
  • Where the employee already works for an associated entity of the sponsor in Chile, New Zealand or an ASEAN country (Brunei, Myanmar, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand or Vietnam);
  • Where the employee has worked full time for the nominating business for the last 2 years;
  • Where the business operates in a WTO member country and is seeking to sponsor senior management staff to work in Australia; or
  • Where workers are required to respond to a major disaster


The list below indicates if the occupation is on:

Click on the row headers to sort the table of occupations.


Occupation Authority ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT Caveat
133211 Engineering Manager Engineers Australia/AIM ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
134212 Nursing Clinical Director ANMAC ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
231212 Ship's Engineer AMSA RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233111 Chemical Engineer Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233112 Materials Engineer Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233211 Civil Engineer Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233212 Geotechnical Engineer Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233214 Structural Engineer Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233215 Transport Engineer Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233311 Electrical Engineer Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233411 Electronics Engineer Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233511 Industrial Engineer Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233512 Mechanical Engineer Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233513 Production or Plant Engineer Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233611 Mining Engineer (excluding Petroleum) Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233612 Petroleum Engineer Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233911 Aeronautical Engineer Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233912 Agricultural Engineer Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233913 Biomedical Engineer Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233914 Engineering Technologist Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233915 Environmental Engineer Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233916 Naval Architect (Aus) / Marine Designer (NZ) Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
233999 Engineering Professionals nec Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
254111 Midwife ANMAC ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
254311 Nurse Manager ANMAC/VETASSESS ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
254411 Nurse Practitioner ANMAC ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
254412 Registered Nurse (Aged Care) ANMAC ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
254413 Registered Nurse (Child and Family Health) ANMAC ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
254414 Registered Nurse (Community Health) ANMAC ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
254415 Registered Nurse (Critical Care and Emergency) ANMAC ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
254416 Registered Nurse (Developmental Disability) ANMAC ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
254417 Registered Nurse (Disability and Rehabilitation) ANMAC ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
254418 Registered Nurse (Medical) ANMAC ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
254421 Registered Nurse (Medical Practice) ANMAC ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
254422 Registered Nurse (Mental Health) ANMAC ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
254423 Registered Nurse (Perioperative) ANMAC ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
254424 Registered Nurse (Surgical) ANMAC ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
254425 Registered Nurse (Paediatrics) ANMAC ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
254499 Registered Nurses nec ANMAC ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
263311 Telecommunications Engineer Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
263312 Telecommunications Network Engineer Engineers Australia ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
311216 Pathology Collector (Aus) / Phlebotomist (NZ) AIMS RSMSOL LMT
312411 Electronic Engineering Draftsperson Engineers Australia RSMSOL LMT
312511 Mechanical Engineering Draftsperson Engineers Australia RSMSOL LMT
312999 Building and Engineering Technicians nec VETASSESS C RSMSOL LMT
321111 Automotive Electrician TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
321211 Motor Mechanic (General) TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
321212 Diesel Motor Mechanic TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
321213 Motorcycle Mechanic TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
321214 Small Engine Mechanic TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
322111 Blacksmith TRA RSMSOL LMT
322112 Electroplater TRA RSMSOL LMT
322113 Farrier TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
322114 Metal Casting Trades Worker TRA RSMSOL LMT
322115 Metal Polisher TRA RSMSOL LMT
322211 Sheetmetal Trades Worker TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
322311 Metal Fabricator TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
322312 Pressure Welder TRA RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
322313 Welder (First Class) (Aus) / Welder (NZ) TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
323111 Aircraft Maintenance Engineer (Avionics) TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
323112 Aircraft Maintenance Engineer (Mechanical) TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
323113 Aircraft Maintenance Engineer (Structures) TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
323211 Fitter (General) TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
323212 Fitter and Turner TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
323213 Fitter-Welder TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
323214 Metal Machinist (First Class) TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
323215 Textile, Clothing and Footwear Mechanic TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
323299 Metal Fitters and Machinists nec TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
323311 Engraver TRA RSMSOL LMT
323312 Gunsmith TRA RSMSOL LMT
323313 Locksmith TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
323314 Precision Instrument Maker and Repairer TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
323315 Saw Doctor TRA RSMSOL LMT
323316 Watch and Clock Maker and Repairer TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
323411 Engineering Patternmaker TRA RSMSOL LMT
323412 Toolmaker TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
324111 Panelbeater TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
324211 Vehicle Body Builder TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
324212 Vehicle Trimmer TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
324311 Vehicle Painter TRA RSMSOL LMT
331111 Bricklayer TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
331112 Stonemason TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
331211 Carpenter and Joiner TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
331212 Carpenter TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
331213 Joiner TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
332111 Floor Finisher TRA RSMSOL LMT
332211 Painting Trades Worker TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
333111 Glazier TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
333211 Fibrous Plasterer TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
333212 Solid Plasterer TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
333311 Roof Tiler TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
333411 Wall and Floor Tiler TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
334111 Plumber (General) TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
334112 Airconditioning and Mechanical Services Plumber TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
334113 Drainer (Aus) / Drainlayer (NZ) TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
334114 Gasfitter TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
334115 Roof Plumber TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
341111 Electrician (General) TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
341112 Electrician (Special Class) TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
341113 Lift Mechanic TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
342111 Airconditioning and Refrigeration Mechanic TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
342211 Electrical Linesworker (Aus) / Electrical Line Mechanic (NZ) TRA RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
342212 Technical Cable Jointer TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
342311 Business Machine Mechanic TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
342312 Communications Operator TRA RSMSOL LMT
342313 Electronic Equipment Trades Worker TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
342314 Electronic Instrument Trades Worker (General) TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
342315 Electronic Instrument Trades Worker (Special Class) TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
342411 Cabler (Data and Telecommunications) TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
342412 Telecommunications Cable Jointer TRA RSMSOL LMT
342413 Telecommunications Linesworker (Aus) / Telecommunications Line Mechanic (NZ) TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
342414 Telecommunications Technician TRA RSMSOL LMT
351111 Baker TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
CaveatBaker 351111
Not eligible for 457/ENS Direct Entry if:
Caveat 17
The position relates to mass or standardised production (as opposed to specialist production), including the following:
(a) a position based in a franchise or factory;
(b) a position that:
(i) involves full or partial production of food product for distribution to another location; or
(ii) predominantly involves the use of pre prepared food product from another location.
351112 Pastrycook TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
CaveatPastrycook 351112
Not eligible for 457/ENS Direct Entry if:
Caveat 17
The position relates to mass or standardised production (as opposed to specialist production), including the following:
(a) a position based in a franchise or factory;
(b) a position that:
(i) involves full or partial production of food product for distribution to another location; or
(ii) predominantly involves the use of pre prepared food product from another location.
351211 Butcher or Smallgoods Maker TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
351411 Cook TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
CaveatCook 351411
Not eligible for 457/ENS Direct Entry if:
Caveat 7
The position is involved in mass production in a factory setting.
Caveat 8
The position is in a limited service restaurant.
361111 Dog Trainer or Handler VETASSESS D ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
361112 Horse Trainer TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
361114 Zookeeper VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
361115 Kennel Hand VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
361199 Animal Attendants and Trainers nec VETASSESS D ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
CaveatAnimal Attendants and Trainers nec 361199
Not eligible for 457/ENS Direct Entry if:
Caveat 18
The position relates to animal husbandry, including caring for livestock on a farm.
361211 Shearer VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
361311 Veterinary Nurse VETASSESS D ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
362111 Florist TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
362211 Gardener (General) TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
362212 Arborist TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
362213 Landscape Gardener TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
362311 Greenkeeper TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
362411 Nurseryperson TRA RSMSOL LMT
391111 Hairdresser TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
CaveatHairdresser 391111
Not eligible for 457/ENS Direct Entry if:
Caveat 1
The position does not require a minimum of 2 years relevant work experience.
392111 Print Finisher TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
392112 Screen Printer TRA RSMSOL LMT
392211 Graphic Pre-press Trades Worker TRA RSMSOL LMT
392311 Printing Machinist TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
392312 Small Offset Printer TRA RSMSOL LMT
393111 Canvas Goods Fabricator TRA RSMSOL LMT
393112 Leather Goods Maker TRA RSMSOL LMT
393113 Sail Maker TRA RSMSOL LMT
393114 Shoemaker TRA RSMSOL LMT
393211 Apparel Cutter TRA RSMSOL LMT
393212 Clothing Patternmaker TRA RSMSOL LMT
393213 Dressmaker or Tailor TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
393299 Clothing Trades Workers nec VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
393311 Upholsterer TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
394111 Cabinetmaker TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
394211 Furniture Finisher TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
394212 Picture Framer TRA RSMSOL LMT
394213 Wood Machinist TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
394214 Wood Turner TRA RSMSOL LMT
394299 Wood Machinists and Other Wood Trades Workers nec TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
399111 Boat Builder and Repairer TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
399112 Shipwright TRA ESOL RSMSOL MLTSSL LMT
399211 Chemical Plant Operator TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
399212 Gas or Petroleum Operator TRA RSMSOL LMT
399213 Power Generation Plant Operator TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
399411 Jeweller TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
399511 Broadcast Transmitter Operator TRA RSMSOL LMT
399512 Camera Operator (Film, Television or Video) TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
399513 Light Technician TRA RSMSOL LMT
399514 Make Up Artist TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
399515 Musical Instrument Maker or Repairer TRA RSMSOL LMT
399516 Sound Technician TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
399517 Television Equipment Operator TRA RSMSOL LMT
399599 Performing Arts Technicians nec VETASSESS D ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
399611 Signwriter TRA ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
399911 Diver VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
399913 Optical Dispenser (Aus) / Dispensing Optician (NZ) TRA RSMSOL LMT
399914 Optical Mechanic TRA RSMSOL LMT
399916 Plastics Technician TRA RSMSOL LMT
399917 Wool Classer TRA RSMSOL LMT
399918 Fire Protection Equipment Technician TRA RSMSOL LMT
399999 Technicians and Trades Workers nec TRA RSMSOL LMT
411311 Diversional Therapist VETASSESS D ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
411411 Enrolled Nurse ANMAC ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
411412 Mothercraft Nurse VETASSESS C RSMSOL LMT
441111 Defence Force Member - Other Ranks VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
441211 Emergency Service Worker VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
441212 Fire Fighter VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
442111 Prison Officer VETASSESS F LMT
451211 Driving Instructor VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
451399 Funeral Workers nec VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
451711 Flight Attendant VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
451799 Travel Attendants nec VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
451815 First Aid Trainer VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
452311 Diving Instructor (Open Water) VETASSESS D ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
452312 Gymnastics Coach or Instructor VETASSESS D ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
452313 Horse Riding Coach or Instructor VETASSESS D ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
452314 Snowsport Instructor VETASSESS D ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
452315 Swimming Coach or Instructor VETASSESS D ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
452316 Tennis Coach VETASSESS D ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
452317 Other Sports Coach or Instructor VETASSESS D ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
452318 Dog and Horse Racing Official VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
452322 Sports Umpire VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
452323 Other Sports Official VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
452411 Footballer VETASSESS D ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
452412 Golfer VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
452413 Jockey TRA RSMSOL LMT
452499 Sportspersons nec VETASSESS D ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
599212 Court Bailiff or Sheriff (Aus) / Court Collections Officer (NZ) VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
599611 Insurance Investigator VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
599612 Insurance Loss Adjuster VETASSESS D ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
599613 Insurance Risk Surveyor VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
599915 Clinical Coder VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
611111 Auctioneer VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
611112 Stock and Station Agent VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
611211 Insurance Agent VETASSESS D ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
612111 Business Broker VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
612112 Property Manager VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
612114 Real Estate Agent VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
612115 Real Estate Representative VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
639211 Retail Buyer VETASSESS D ESOL RSMSOL STSOL LMT
CaveatRetail Buyer 639211
Not eligible for 457/ENS Direct Entry if:
Caveat 11
The position:
(a) is based in a front line retail setting; or
(b) predominantly involves direct client transactional interaction on a regular basis.
639212 Wool Buyer VETASSESS D RSMSOL LMT
712211 Driller TRA LMT


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